OnStar by GM
OnStar was introduced by General Motors in 1996 as a new twist on ‘active safety’. Not only did this communications service combine with GPS satellite tracking, allowing drivers to connect with an OnStar operator at the push of a button in order to receive directions or information about the area they were in, but functionality gradually expanded to include remote diagnostics and a crash-detection system. The concept grew out of the ExtremeBlue IBM internship program, in which graduate students get the chance to develop new technologies. Initially, OnStar was only offered in high end vehicles from Cadillac. However, over the next few years the system would expand dramatically, becoming a widely available option and then finally standard equipment on almost every vehicle sold by the company.