Volkswagen currently offers two electric cars, the e-Golf and the e-up!, as well as a plug-in hybrid, the XL1. The benefits of electric cars include lower energy costs, decreased emissions (especially local emissions), and lower maintenance costs (no regular oil changes and fewer moving parts). While Volkswagen has only recently started offering electric vehicles for sale to the general public, they have been working on electric and hybrid vehicles for quite some time.
In 1976 they fitted a Golf with a 20 horsepower electric motor, creating the Golf I CityStromer. It was capable of 50 mph and had a range of 31 miles from its lead acid batteries. In 1989 Volkswagen created the Golf II CityStromer with a limited production run. Its 25 horsepower motor allowed a top speed of 62 mph, and its gel batteries gave it a range of 35 miles, though performance wasn’t great with a 0-31 miles per hour run taking 13 seconds. They followed this up with another limited production model in 1993, this time with a range of up to 56 miles.