sedans are the mainstream vehicle of today. They set the standard and have never let go. There are entry level sedans and top of the line models available on the road today.
However, even though there are many sizes, prices and come in many different configurations, they all have several things in common. They are the most basic of cars. They all have four doors and a trunk. The consumer can count on these cars being reasonable to own and to operate. They are simple designs with therefore simple repairs. The compact sedans are the cheapest to buy and the midsize sedan is only a small step up.
Insurance companies love them because they are simple and easy to repair and replace, savings they pass on to the consumer. There are luxury sedans available for those who are looking for more. For awhile these vehicles will be trouble free. As they age, the repair bill goes up. Expect the top performance vehicle to be not so loved by the insurance companies and then you won’t be so shocked by the higher premiums.
There are three basic sedan sizes. There are compact, midsize and large sedans. But then there are the type of market segments and those are harder to define. However, sedans fit into the crossover, exotic, luxury, performance and sport segments. Let’s not forget the future – sedans are in the hybrid market as well.
Along with the various styles and sizes, expect to see every size engine represented with these cars as well. Sedans can have manual and automatic transmissions as well as continuous variable transmission. They also traditionally hold four occupants in the compact and midsize compact size. If more space is required, then go up a step to the large sedans. Particularly if you need storage space, consider those sedans that have folding rear seats to expand the cargo area.
They are traditionally thought of as lower priced cars but that no longer applies when you consider luxury, exotic, performance or hybrid models. In fact, they can price out from just over $10,000 and go all the way up to hundreds of thousands.
Sedans are usually well stocked in both convenience and safety features and the offerings will vary as much as the automakers who build them.
Take the time to sort out if you require a subcompact, compact, midsize or a large car or if a crossover or pickup is better suited to your requirements. Then do your research. Decide if you need the vehicle to tow the family fifth wheel, or to carry one child or six. Is this going to be a short commuter vehicle or one for long trips every weekend? Is fuel economy of more importance over long term comfort?
These are vehicles which for one reason or another have remained popular with consumers even after several years on the market. Some of the reasons for this could be fuel efficiency, performance, and sometimes it just the sheer fun when driving the vehicle.
2001 - 2006 Hyundai Elantra
The Hyundai Elantra is a compact car first introduced to the market in 1991. In the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) list of Ten Most Fuel Efficient Vehicles, the Elantra came in at number 2 in 2006. It also received the honor of being the most fuel efficient non-hybrid mid-sized sedan.
This popular car tops the list of best used sedans. The XD model arrived in 2001 at the same time that the wagon body style was dropped in favor of the hatchback. The sedan style remained. Also in 2001, all Elantras sold in the US received as standard features front and front side airbags, air conditioning and a full complement of power accessories. In 2004, the vehicle received new headlights, taillights, new grilled, new bumpers and an updated hood and trunk giving the vehicle a fresh renewed look.
This vehicle comes in two trims, the basic GLS and the upscale GT trim which came out in 2003 and then was discontinued two years later. In 2006 the GT trim was replaced by the Limited trim.
For the US market, the Elantra come with the 2.0 L gas engine offering 132 horsepower. Two transmissions are available. One is a five speed automatic and the other is a four-speed manual. It’s in this area that the generational development shows the most. The power train hardly changed from second to third generation however the fuel economy rating has improved. It went from 24 miles per gallon in the city and 33 mpg on the highway to 27 mpg for the city and 34 on the highway. These rating are only for the vehicles configured with a manual transmission. When configured with an automatic transmission, the ratings are always 2-3 mpg less. The horsepower also increased with the addition of continuously variable valve timing in 2004. By 2006, some of the Elantras received a SULEV emission engine.
2003 - 2007 Cadillac CTS
The Cadillac CTS was a mid size luxury sedan first introduced to the market in 2003. This was yet another design of Wayne Cherry, GM’s premier automobile designer. His design worked so well, that this vehicle was nominated for the North American Car of the Year award in 2002. Designed originally to replace the Cadillac Catera, this popular car was is still in production. This vehicle was built on the GM Sigma platform in which the model went back to becoming rear-wheel drive. Cadillac offered a manual transmission in addition to the available automatic, something the company hadn’t done since 1988 with the Cadillac Cimarron.
The engines over the years of this generation underwent several upgrades. Originally under the hood of this sedan was a 3.2 L LA3 V6 engine with the capacity to produce 220 horsepower. By 2004, Cadillac upgraded the engine to a 3.6 L DOHC engine with variable valve timing. This engine could produce 255 hp and 252 lb-ft of torque. By 2005, the base model CTS received a new 2.8 L DOHC V6 engine eliminating the smaller 3.2 L engine. To go with these engines, Cadillac offered either a five-speed Getrag 260 manual transmission or a five-speed 5L40-E automatic transmission.
One of the reasons for the vehicle’s popularity is that Cadillac finally succeeded in capturing the attention of the young trendy buyers which went a long ways toward restoring some of the brand’s popularity. The vehicles styling and comfort won over many hearts - a nice improvement over the previous troubled Catera.
With its improved rear-drive platform and specially tuned engines, this vehicle had a solid run. The 2003 model had some recurring issues but the years after that performed well. The car has a well deserved reputation for reliability and drivability.
2004 - 2007 Chevrolet Aeeo
The Chevrolet Aveo, known globally as the Daewoo Kalos, was a popular subcompact sedan when new in 2002 and even after being marketed in 120 countries it’s still popular in both the new vehicle and used car industry. Initially introduced to the US in 2004, the car has had a solid run. It was the successor to the Chevrolet Metro and is also sold as the Pontiac Wave. The vehicle went on sale in November of 2003 and quickly became a runaway bestseller. These small Korean-built cars are reliable, fun to drive and cheap to own.
Originally, these cars were offered in two body styles - the four-door sedan and the five-door hatchback. This quickly expanded to three body styles by 2005 and had five engine configurations. The first generation is known as the T200 and the second generation is called the T250. The interior of the Aveo offered loads of seating and was almost unmatched for the amount of headroom it offered its occupants. The same year, clear sidemarker lights replaced the previous orange ones. A year later in 2006, the rear spoiler was switched over to a pedestal style giving the exterior a more modern look.
Under the hood of the American Chevrolet Aveo is a 1.6 L DOHC inline four cylinder engine that is matched to a five-speed manual transmission. There are also many standard features and a full complement of safety features. In the government crash test ratings the car received a five star rating for the passenger and the driver in frontal crash and in the side Impact crash tests, the front and rear occupants both received a four star rating. The vehicle also received a four star rollover rating.
This small car is well known and loved for its excellent fuel economy all over the world.